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第二次弹劾特朗普案如何展开?这七件事你需要知道

时间:2021-02-23 01:03 作者:邳州新闻在线 来源:

  原标题:第二次弹劾特朗普案如何展开?这七件事你需要知道

  当地时间2月9日,美国国会参议院正式开始审理特朗普弹劾案。

  前总统唐纳德·特朗普受到民主党指控,称其煽动了1月6日美国国会暴乱事件,造成5人死亡。

  1月13日,众议院已表决通过针对特朗普的弹劾条款,正式指控他犯有“煽动叛乱”的严重罪行和不检行为,并在1月25日向参议院提交了相关条款。

  值得一提的是,特朗普还“创造了历史”,他是美国历史上首位两次遭到众议院弹劾的总统,同时也是首位遭到弹劾的前总统。

  2019年12月,众议院以滥用职权、妨碍国会两项罪名对特朗普提出弹劾。2020年2月,参议院在此次弹劾案中宣布特朗普无罪。

  第二次弹劾将于当地时间2月9日下午13:00开始,预计将持续一周。

  The first ever impeachment of a former president began today in the U.S。 Senate。

  Former President Donald Trump faces charges of inciting an insurrection in the Jan。 6th storming of the U.S。 Capitol building that resulted in five deaths。

  Trump also made history for being the only person to be impeached by the House of Representatives twice for “high crimes and misdemeanors”。

  In 2019, Trump was acquitted by the Senate in his first impeachment after the House voted to impeach him for pressuring Ukraine to find dirt on Biden。

  The proceedings for the second impeachment began at 1 p.m。 and is expected to last a week。

    01

  二次弹劾案审理流程怎么走?

  参议院听取的第一个问题是,这一审判是否符合美国宪法。

  众议院弹劾经理人认为,特朗普在暴徒占领国会大厦之前发表的演讲,唆使暴徒打断了选举人投票的认证。

  他们还提出,前总统幕僚也可能面临弹劾,还为此援引了1876年对前战争部长威廉·贝尔纳普的审判,贝尔纳普在被弹劾数小时前辞职。

  然而,特朗普的律师辩称,由于特朗普已经卸任,审判并没有依据,并要求参议院驳回此案。

  律师还认为,特朗普的言论受到美国宪法第一修正案中有关言论自由权的保护。

  经过4小时的辩论,最终投票结果为56票赞成,44票反对。参议院按照少数服从多数的原则,进入“开庭辩论”流程。

  The first issue the Senate hear was whether the trial is legal under the U.S。 Constitution。

  Democratic impeachment managers argued that the speech Trump gave just before the mob took over the Capitol spurred the rioters to interrupt the certification of electoral college votes。

  They will also argue that former politicians can face an impeachment trial, citing the 1876 trial of former secretary of war William Belknap who resigned hours before he was impeached。

  Trump‘s lawyers argued that there is no basis for a trial since Trump is no longer in office and asked senators to dismiss the case。

  His lawyers also argued Trump‘s words were protected by the First Amendment right to free speech。

  After four hours of presentations, the senate voted 56-44 that there are Constitutional grounds to continue the trial。

  02

  二次弹劾案审理如何展开?

  众议院弹劾经理人和特朗普律师团队在两天时间内将各自有16小时来陈述己方观点,但当天审理时间最多不超过8小时。

  民主党的众议院弹劾经理人将首先开始陈述,特朗普的律师将于当地时间本周五开始辩论,此次审理将一直持续到周末。

  参议员有权提出质疑,但目前为止还没有证人被传讯,尽管民主党人可以要求参议院投票决定是否传唤证人。他们要求特朗普本人出庭作证,但被拒绝。

  主持审判的是佛蒙特州的联邦参议员帕特里克·莱希,他是多数党中任职时间最长的成员。

  弹劾案审理通常由美国首席大法官主持,但由于特朗普已经卸任,现任首席大法官约翰·罗伯茨此次没有主持审理。

  Democrats and Republicans will each get 16 hours to present their case, with a maximum of eight hours per day。

  The Democratic House Managers will begin first and Trump‘s lawyers will likely begin on Friday and go into the weekend。

  Senators will be able to ask questions but so far no witnesses have been named, though Democrats can ask the Senate to vote on whether to call witnesses。 They requested that Trump testify, but he declined。

  The trial‘s presiding officer is Senator Patrick Leahy of Vermont who is the longest-serving member of the majority party。 Typically the chief justice of the United States presides in impeachments, but Justice John Roberts will not take up the gavel since Trump is no longer in office。

    03

  定罪“几乎不可能”

  在所有辩论和提问之后,参议员们将作为陪审员,投票决定特朗普是否有罪。

  给特朗普定罪,必须有三分之二的参议员投赞成票。定罪门槛高达67票,这意味着在参议院拥有50个席位的民主党必须说服至少17名共和党参议员投票支持他们——这种“大面积倒戈”的可能性很小。

  如果特朗普被判有罪,参议院就可以投票禁止他再次担任总统。

  After all arguments and questioning, the senators, acting as jurors, will each stand and cast a vote of guilty or not guilty。

  Two-thirds of the senators present must vote guilty in order to convict Trump。 That means Democrats need at least 67 votes and must convince at least 17 Republican senators to vote their way - an unlikely outcome。

  On the off chance that Trump is convicted, the Senate can then vote to bar him from ever holding office again。

  弹劾案审理流程中,这七件事你需要知道

  01

  此次弹劾案审理将持续一周

  02

  特朗普的律师辩称,由于特朗普已经卸任,审判没有依据,并要求参议院驳回此案。

  03

  前总统唐纳德·特朗普受到民主党指控,称其煽动了1月6日美国国会暴乱事件。

  04

  经过4小时的辩论,最终投票结果为56票赞成,44票反对。参议院按照少数服从多数的原则,进入“开庭辩论”流程。

  05

  众议院弹劾经理人和特朗普律师团队在两天时间内将各自有16小时来陈述自己观点,但当天庭审时间最多不超过8小时。

  06

  给特朗普定罪,必须有三分之二的参议员投赞成票,这意味着民主党需要至少67票。

  07

  民主党必须说服至少17名共和党参议员投票支持他们——这种“大面积倒戈”的可能性很小。

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